IPP Prisoners Families Campaign
- It is official that more people died in Prison in 2016 than in any other year on record, and more Prisoners by suicide than ever before.
- No one should be desperate while in the Care of the State that they take their own life, and yet every 3 days a family is told that a loved one has died behind bars.
- Cutting staff and Prison budgets while allowing the numbers of people behind bars to grow unchecked has created a toxic mix of violence, death and human misery.
- The problems are clear for all to see. By taking bold but sensible action to reduce the number of people in Prison, we can save lives and prevent more people being swept away into deeper currents of crime and disrepair.
Howard League calls on new government to act as recalls to prison spiral out of control
Figures collated by the charity show that an extra 13,000 people have been sent back to prison since the Ministry of Justice introduced its Transforming Rehabilitation (TR) programme in 2015.
The surge in recalls has contributed to an exorbitant rise in the number of people who are behind bars as a result of breaching their licence conditions. That number has grown from 150 in June 1995 to more than 6,500 in March 2017 – an increase of almost 4,300 per cent.
As recalls have soared, so pressure has grown on a prison system already failing to cope with overcrowding, a lack of resources and record levels of violence and self-injury – a crisis that has been largely ignored during the general election campaign.The Howard League is calling on the next government to stop the widespread use of recall.
The charity recommends that the Secretary of State for Justice should retain a residual power to recall a person to custody, to be used only in exceptional circumstances.The majority of people sent back to prison are recalled for technical reasons, such as failing to attend appointments with probation officers. These cases could be better dealt with in the community and are often linked to services failing to support people properly on release.Frances Crook, Chief Executive of the Howard League for Penal Reform, said: “On the day when the nation decides, the Howard League is preparing to present a plan of action to the new government to help solve the prison crisis.
“At the top of the list will be an absolute necessity to deal with the out-of-control system of recalls.”Under the TR programme introduced by the former Secretary of State for Justice, Chris Grayling, the probation service was part-privatised and the supervision of people released from prison was extended.
The new legislation required that any person sentenced to a custodial term of more than one day must receive at least 12 months’ supervision in the community. This meant that, for the first time, people released from prison after serving sentences of less than 12 months were subject to supervision.Since the changes came into force in February 2015, there have been 12,806 recalls of people who had served prison sentences of less than 12 months.The total number of recalls for all types of sentences has grown sevenfold in 15 years.
In the year 2000-01, there were 3,182 recalls to custody. By 2003-04, this number had risen to 11,268. It then rose steadily to 17,701 in 2014-15. In 2015-16 – the first full year after TR was introduced – overall recalls leapt to a record high of 22,412.Some of those recalled to custody are prisoners who were given Indeterminate Sentences for Public Protection (IPPs). Despite progress made by the Parole Board in releasing IPP prisoners, the number who were behind bars after being recalled rose by 26 per cent between March 2016 and March 2017.
Ministry of Justice figures show that most recalls to prison are for technical licence breaches, such as failing to keep in touch with probation officers, failing to reside at a specified address, and taking drugs or alcohol.
If the person were not on licence, these behaviours would not be serious enough to warrant attention from police or probation, let alone a custodial sentence.
The Howard League Legal Team has worked on a large number of cases of children and young people who have been administratively recalled to custody for breaches of licence involving relatively minor infringements.
A 20-year-old man was recalled to prison for spending one night away from his approved premises after he received some difficult news about his late sister. He had returned of his own accord. He was re-released after a further seven months in custody.
The total costs of recall are not known, but the bill is high. Paying for all the prison beds that are needed comes to at least £230million per year, and costs will also fall on the police, Community Rehabilitation Companies, the National Probation Service, charities and other agencies working with people following prison sentences, and employers (who lose staff with no notice). Public put at risk by Probation sell-off. Rehabilitation concluded that the Government’s promised “rehabilitation revolution” was far from complete.
The Howard League for Penal Reform
Tel: +44 (0)20 7241 7880
Jez Relevant section Some of those Recalled to
custody are Prisoners who were given Indeterminate Sentences for Public
Protection (IPPs). Despite progress made
by the Parole Board in releasing IPP Prisoners, the number who were behind bars
after being Recalled rose by 26 per cent between March 2016 and March 2017.
My partner‘s Parole was supposed to
be tomorrow but got deferred as not all paperwork in spoke to Solicitor last
week who said all his paperwork is in just waiting for new date for my partner
to be giving papers Monday saying Parole hearing is going ahead on the 28th the
Solicitor knew nothing about and now he wants to cancel again as thinks no
assessment for a pipe unit is done and some reports not done yet if they were
not why did he put paperwork in if reports not done so now my partner doesn't
know what to do he just wants out!
Murphy Solicitor told my son to defer until Oct but he
didn't! Got Parole waiting on hostel place if it helps
Jez So much is dependent on Probation doing all the
reports. The most common one they don't
do is their PERCEIVED Risk Management Plan. Its so frustrating
Corigan Has anyone partner or son know anything about
kaizen course? Friend’s partner has just been refused it. High but now told he is unsuitable for this
Jez Yes it is a new course to replace
old courses. If you go to safari
newsletter website, safari-uk.org. Page 2 of June 2017 newsletter it tells you
all about it. They are free to download. It will most likely be down to perceived risk
level. If he is not deemed high in the
category concerned then he will be unsuitable. The Horizon course is for medium perceived
risk. He has the right to do a Subject Access
Request so he can find out why if he wants too.
There are a fair few Categories of perceived risk. So it’s difficult to
work out without a full copy of his latest Oasys Report. Technically though if he has been classed
unsuitable then the need to do the Course should be removed from his Sentence Plan.
It’s important that at his next Parole
hearing he makes it clear that he had been willing to do the course but was
Kingham It's the course that covers maintaining
innocence but also address violence for those deemed high.
CloverAnyone heard about this rule regarding IPP, that
your licence can be 'suspended' after four years of being released??
O'Gorman I thought it was 5 but yes you can
apply for it to be shortened as long as you stay out of trouble.
Nicholson Yeah 4 years I think .
Milton Info from MOJ is after 10 yrs you
can apply to the Secretary of state to have the Licence removed- to date, this
has never been granted what you can apply for after 4 trouble free yrs is to
have the supervision dropped but the Licence is still very much in
force.....getting out is still only half the battle for IPP's
Carr It's 4 I'm up in November been out 4 as of November probation have got nothing to tell me who do the police inform if in 7years something goes wrong who do I get to help he side he don't no no one he knows do it yet I don't think it's good don't have to go to probation but on licence another 6years piss take
West Yeah just like you can get Released on tariff, they
can but they never do.
Howard League news
Howard League news